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Estonian Translation

Estonian Translation

Target Language Translation Services offers professional translation services for English to Estonian and Estonian to English language pairs, and we also translate Estonian to and from any other world language. We can translate into over 100 various languages in all industries. Our contracted linguists are native speakers, who are fluent in Estonian and English vocabulary, specialized industry terminology, common phrases and the culture of both languages—all of which contributes to accurately translate the meaning of the source document.

Estonian historical spread

Historical spread:

  North Estonian (incl. Northeastern coastal Estonian)

  South Estonian

By today, the language islands outside Estonia have disappeared, and most speakers in the South Estonian area have switched to standard Estonian (based on North Estonian).

Introduction of Estonian
Estonian is a Southern Finnic language spoken mainly in Estonia. There are also Estonian speakers in Finland and Australia. In 2012 there were 1.05 million speakers of Estonia in Estonia, and in 2016 there were 49,200 Estonian speakers in Finland, mainly in the south, and about 1,840 Estonian speakers in Australia.
Estonian has two groups of dialects: northern and southern. The northern dialects are associated with the city of Tallinn, and the southern ones with Tartu. Standard Estonian is based on the northern dialects. The southern dialects are sometimes considered separate languages.

Status of Estonian
Estonian was the state language of Estonia from 1919 to 1945. During the Soviet period Estonian was one of the the official languages, along with Russian, and most Estonians became bilingual in Estonian and Russian. Non-Estonians had to learn Estonian in school, however many considered learning the language unnecessary. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989, Estonian became the state language once more, and Russian was discouraged. Estonian is currently an official language in Estonia and the EU.

Relationship to other languages
Estonian belongs to the Finnic branch of the Uralic language family. It is classified as belonging to the Southern Finnic group of languages, along with Livonian and Votic. Estonian and Finnish are related, and there is some mutually intelligiblity betwen them. Many older Estonians, particularly those who grew up during the Soviet period, can understand Finnish as they have studied it, and/or listen to Finnish radio and television.

Written Estonian
The oldest examples of written Estonian are names, words, and phrases found in early 13th century chronicles. The earliest surviving longer text dates from the 16th century. An Estonian textbook first appeared in 1637. Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann published the comprehensive Estonian-German dictionary in 1869, and a grammar describing the Estonian language in 1875. Most Estonian literature has been produced since the early 19th century, and particularly in the early 20th century.
When Estonian was first written there was no standard alphabet. People used an ad hoc spelling system based on Latin and Middle Low German. In the 17th century Bengt Gottfried Forselius and Johann Hornung created a way of writing Estonian based on German. That was replaced by a Finnish-based orthography, known as the Newer Orthography, created by Eduard Ahrens in the second half of the 19th century. This was the basis for the current orthography.

Estonian alphabet (eesti keele tähestik)

Estonian alphabet

Estonian pronunciation

Estonian pronunciation

• Stress almost always falls on the first syllable of words, but quite a few words of foreign origin and a few native Estonian words, such as aitäh, don't follow this pattern.
• Vowels and consonants can be short (written with one letter), long or extra long (written with two or three letters).
• The letter y is also called igrek (Greek I).
• The letters f, š, z and ž are only used in words of foreign origin.
• The letters c, q, w, x and y are used in personal names, place names and foreign words.

How much does a translation into Estonian Translation cost?
The standard rate for translations from English into Estonian Translation is $ 0.12. For urgent jobs that need several linguists working simultaneously, we will apply a surcharge.

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