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Pashto Translation

Pashto Translation

If you require professional language services in Pashto, Target Language Translation Services provides a complete set of advice including certified Pashto translation services, interpreting solutions, and professional localization for all industries to satisfy the needs of its worldwide customers. Our global team of experts works with every language and can handle the terminology you require. We can arrange for Pashto translation services wherever you need them, or Pashto speaking interpreters over the phone or in person.

Pashto speaking areas

Areas in Afghanistan and Pakistan where Pashto is:

  the predominant language

  spoken alongside other languages

Pashto (پښتو)

Pashto is a member of the southeastern Iranian branch of Indo-Iranian languages spoken in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. There are three main varieties of Pashto: Northern Pashto, spoken mainly in Pakistan; Southern Pashto, spoken mainly in Afghanistan; and Central Pashto, spoken mainly in Pakistan.

The exact number of Pashto speakers is not known for sure, but most estimates range from 45 million to 55 million. Pashto is the first language of between 40% and 55% (11 to 15.4 million) of the people of Afghanistan, and 10% to 28% (2.8 to 7.8 million) speak it as a second language, and the total is around 18 or 19 million.

Pashto has about 25 million speakers in Pakistan (15% of the population) in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and the provinces of Balochistan, Mianwali, Attock, Sindh, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Pashto first appeared in writing during the 16th century in the form of an account of Shekh Mali's conquest of Swat. It is written with a version of the Arabic script. There are two standard written forms: one based on the dialect of Kandahar, the other on the dialect of Peshawar.

The name Pashto is thought to derive from the reconstructed proto-Iranian form, parsawā 'Persian language. In northen Afghanistan speakers of Pashto are called Pakhtūn; in sourthen Afghanistan they are known as Pashtūn, and as Pathān or Afghan in Pakistan.

Pashto alphabet (د پښتو الفباء)

Pashto alphabet (د پښتو الفباء)

Pashto alphabet (د پښتو الفباء)


• ح tends to be silent when at the end of a word.

• څ is pronounced [s] in Ghazni and Peshawar dialects.

• ځ is pronounced [z] in Ghazni and Peshawar dialects.

• ږ is pronounced [ʐ], Kandahar, [ʒ] in Quetta, [ʝ] in Ghazni, and [ɡ] in Peshawar dialects.

• ښ is pronounced [ʂ] in Kandahar, [ʃ] in Quetta, [ç] in Ghazni, and [x] in Peshawar dialects.

• ق ف ع ظ ط ض ص ح ﺫ ث appear only in loanwords which are mostly of Arabic origin.

Notes and some details of Pashto pronunciation provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Pashto numbers

Pashto numbers

How much does a translation into Pashto cost?

The standard rate for translations from English into Pashto s $ 0.11. For urgent jobs that need several linguists working simultaneously, we will apply a surcharge.

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