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Polish Translation

Polish Translation

Target Language Translation Services offers certified and qualified translation services translating from Polish to English and English to Polish, which is performed totally by professional human linguists who are native Polish speakers also fluent in English. If you need to translate your materials between Polish and a language other than English please contact us before ordering. Our expert team can help you manage projects of any size to find a on-demand, efficient and economical solution for your translation needs.

Polish-speaking areas

  Majority of Polish speakers

  Polish used together alongside other languages

  Minority of Polish speakers

About Polish (polski)

Polish is a West Slavonic language spoken mainly in Poland. In 2012 there were about 36.5 million speakers of Polish in Poland. There are about 4 million Polish speakers in other countries, including Germany (867,000), the UK (660,000), Lithuania (615,138), the USA (575,816), France (275,288), Canada (181,710), Ireland (135,895), Israel (125,000), the Russian Federation (67,400), Czechia (52,710) and Austria (30,598). (Sources: Ethnologue and Wikipedia)

Polish is closely related to Kashubian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Czech and Slovak.

Polish first appeared in writing in 1136 in the "Gniezno papal bull" (Bulla gnieźnieńska), which included 410 Polish names. The first written Polish sentence was day ut ia pobrusa a ti poziwai (I'll grind [the corn] in the quern and you'll rest), which appeared in Ksiega henrykowska in 1270. In Modern Polish spelling that sentence is daj ać ja pobruszę, a ty poczywaj.

Great Polish poets include Jan Kochanowski (1530-84) and Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855), the 'national bard' and author of an epic entitled "Pan Tadeusz". The most famous writer of Polish orgin is Joseph Conrad or Konrad Korzeniowski (1857-1924), who wrote in English and started out as a sailor.

Literary Polish is based on the dialects of Gniezno, Cracow and Warsaw, though there is some dispute about this.

The native name for Polish is polski (Polish), język polski (the Polish language), or more formally, polszczyzna (Polish).

Polish alphabet and pronunciation

Polish alphabet and pronunciation


The letter ó is also known as o z kreską

a is a low central vowel for which there is no symbol in the IPA

ą = [o] before l or ł. When followed by plosive or affricate consonants, ą is pronounced [ɔn], [ɔŋ] or [ɔm]. E.g. dąb = [dɔm].

ę = [e] before l or ł or at the end of a word. When followed by plosive or affricate consonants, ę is pronounced [ɛn], [ɛŋ] or [ɛm]. E.g. tęcza = [ɛn].

The i in ci, dzi, ni, si and zi is not pronunced when they are followed by another vowel, e.g. dzień

u sometimes = [w] in loanwords like auto [awtɔ] 'car'

Voiced consonants can become unvoiced at the end of words, end in clusters with unvoiced consonants. E.g. klub = [klup].

Unvoiced consonants can become voiced in clusters with voiced consonants. E.g. także = [ˈtaɡʐɛ].

The letters q (ku), v (fau) and x (iks) are also used, but only for foreign names or words.

Did You Know?

Here are a few words English has borrowed from Polish:

Kielbasa---from Polish kielbasa ‘sausage’ (Russian kolbasa), perhaps from Turkish kulbasti ‘grilled cutlet’

Mazurka---from Russian mazurka, from Polish mazurek ‘dance of the Mazur,’ a reference to inhabitants of Mazowsze , a region of central Poland.

Sejm---Congress of the Polish Republic, from Polish sejm ‘assembly’

Solidarność---‘Solidarity,’ name of Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the Gdansk shipyards, and originally led by Lech Walęsa. In the 1980s, it constituted a broad anti-communist social movement that advocated nonviolence.

How much does the translation from English into Polish cost?

The standard rate for translations from English into Polish is $ 0.12. For urgent jobs that need several linguists working simultaneously, we will apply a surcharge.

Just contact us to get more information and a no-obligation quote. Our project managers can be reached via telephone, email, or the form. We look forward to serving you.

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